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× C++ Standard Library C++ STL Library


The C++ algorithm::all_of function is used to return true if pred returns true for all elements in the range [first,last) or if the range is empty, else returns false.

Syntax

template <class InputIterator, class UnaryPredicate>
  bool all_of (InputIterator first, 
               InputIterator last, 
               UnaryPredicate pred);

Parameters

first Specify initial position of the input iterator. The range used is [first,last).
last Specify final position of the input iterator. The range used is [first,last).
pred Specify an unary function that accepts an element in the range as argument, and returns a value convertible to bool. The function returns true if the element satisfy the given condition.

Return Value

Returns true if pred returns true for all elements in the range or if the range is empty, else returns false.

Time Complexity

Up to Linear i.e, Θ(n).

Example:

In the below example, the algorithm::all_of function is used to check whether all elements of a given sequence satisfy the specified condition or not.

#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
#include <vector>
using namespace std;

bool isPositive (int i) {
  return (i > 0) ;
}

int main (){
  int arr[] = {10, 15, 12, -15, 14, -12};
  vector<int> vec = {10, 15, 12, 15, 14, 12};

  //check if all elements in the array are positive
  bool b1 = all_of(arr, arr+6, isPositive);

  //check if all elements in the vector are positive
  bool b2 = all_of(vec.begin(), vec.end(), isPositive);

  //print result for array
  if(b1) {
    cout<<"All elements of array are positive.\n";
  }
  else {
    cout<<"All elements of array are not positive.\n";
  }

  //print result for vector
  if(b2) {
    cout<<"All elements of vector are positive.\n";
  }
  else {
    cout<<"All elements of vector are not positive.\n";
  }

  return 0;
}

The output of the above code will be:

All elements of array are not positive.
All elements of vector are positive.

❮ C++ - Algorithm