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× C++ Standard Library C++ STL Library


The C++ array::cend function is used to return the constant iterator (const_iterator) pointing to the past-the-last element of the array container. The past-the-last element of the array is the theoretical element that follows the last element. It does not point to any element, and hence could not be dereferenced.

C++ cbegin cend

Note: A const_iterator is an iterator that points to constant value. The difference between iterator and const_iterator is that the const_iterator cannot be used to modify the contents it points to, even if the array element is not itself constant.

Syntax

const_iterator cend() const noexcept;

Parameters

No parameter is required.

Return Value

A const_iterator to the past-the-last element of the sequence container.

Time Complexity

Constant i.e, Θ(1).

Example:

In the below example, the array::cend function is used to return the const_iterator pointing to the past-the-last element of the array MyArray.

#include <iostream>
#include <array>
using namespace std;
 
int main (){
  array<string, 3> MyArray{"Alpha","Coding","Skills"};
  array<string, 3>::const_iterator cit;

  cit = MyArray.cend();
  cit--;
  cout<<*cit<<" ";
  cit--;
  cout<<*cit<<" ";
  cit--;
  cout<<*cit<<" ";
  return 0;
}

The output of the above code will be:

Skills Coding Alpha

Example:

Lets see another example where the array called MyArray contains integer values and array::cend function is used with array::cbegin function to specify a range including all elements of the array container.

#include <iostream>
#include <array>
using namespace std;
 
int main (){
  array<int, 5> MyArray{10, 20, 30, 40, 50};
  array<int, 5>::const_iterator cit;

  for(cit = MyArray.cbegin(); cit != MyArray.cend(); ++cit)
    cout<<*cit<<" ";

  return 0;
}

The output of the above code will be:

10 20 30 40 50 

❮ C++ - Array