C++ Standard Library C++ STL Library

C++ <array> - front() Function



The C++ array::front function returns a reference to the first element of the array. Please note that, Unlike the array::begin function, which returns the iterator pointing to the first element, it returns the a direct reference to the same element of the array.

Syntax

reference front();
const_reference front() const;

Parameters

No parameter is required.

Return Value

A reference to the first element of the array.

Time Complexity

Constant i.e, Θ(1).

Example:

In the example below, the array::front function is used to access the first element of the array Arr.

#include <iostream>
#include <array>
using namespace std;
 
int main (){
  array<int, 5> Arr{10, 20, 30, 40, 50};

  cout<<"The first element of Arr is: ";
  cout<<Arr.front();

  //Adding 100 to the first element of the Arr
  Arr.front() = Arr.front() + 100;

  cout<<"\nThe first element of Arr is: ";
  cout<<Arr.front();  
  return 0;
}

The output of the above code will be:

The first element of Arr is: 10
The first element of Arr is: 110

❮ C++ <array> Library

5