C++ Standard Library C++ STL Library

C++ <cctype> - isalpha() Function

The C++ <cctype> isalpha() function is used to check if the given character is an alphabetic letter. In the default "C" locale, an alphabetic letter is a letter for which either isupper or islower function returns true. Other locales may consider a different selection of characters as alphabetic letters.


int isalpha ( int ch );               


ch Specify the character to be checked, casted to an int, or EOF.

Return Value

Returns non-zero value (i.e, true) if ch is an alphabetic letter, else returns zero (i.e, false).


The example below shows the usage of isalpha() function.

#include <iostream>
#include <cctype>
using namespace std;
int main (){
  char str[50] = "98Hi@@";

  //counting the numbers of 
  //alphabetic letters in str
  int i = 0, count = 0;
  while(str[i]) {

  //displaying the output
  cout<<str<<" contains "<<count<<
       " alphabetic letters.";  
  return 0;

The output of the above code will be:

98Hi@@ contains 2 alphabetic letters.

❮ C++ <cctype> Library