C++ Standard Library C++ STL Library

C++ <cfenv> - FE_DOWNWARD

The FE_DOWNWARD macro expands to a value of type int, which can be used with fesetround and fegetround functions to indicate downward rounding direction. Rounding x downward gives the largest possible value that is not greater than x.

Definition in the <cfenv> header file is:

#define FE_DOWNWARD  /*implementation defined*/  

All possible rounding direction modes are given below:

FE_DOWNWARD Rounding towards negative infinity.
FE_TONEAREST Rounding towards nearest representable value.
FE_TOWARDZERO Rounding towards zero.
FE_UPWARD Rounding towards positive infinity.

Certain library implementations may define additional floating-point rounding direction macro constants (with their corresponding macros also beginning with FE_).


The example below shows the usage of FE_DOWNWARD macro.

#include <iostream>
#include <cfenv>
#include <cmath>


using namespace std;
int main (){
  //downward rounding direction mode

  cout<<"rint(10.2) = "<<rint(10.2)<<"\n";
  cout<<"rint(10.8) = "<<rint(10.8)<<"\n";
  cout<<"rint(-5.2) = "<<rint(-5.2)<<"\n";
  cout<<"rint(-5.8) = "<<rint(-5.8)<<"\n";

  return 0;

The output of the above code will be:

rint(10.2) = 10
rint(10.8) = 10
rint(-5.2) = -6
rint(-5.8) = -6

❮ C++ <cfenv> Library