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× C++ Standard Library C++ STL Library


The C++ list::rbegin function is used to return the reverse iterator pointing to the last element of the list. A reverse iterator iterates in backward direction and increasing it results into moving to the beginning of the list container. Similarly, decreasing a reverse iterator results into moving to the end of the list container. Please note that, Unlike the list::back function, which returns a direct reference to the last element, it returns the reverse iterator pointing to the same element of the list.

C++ rbegin rend

Syntax

reverse_iterator rbegin();
const_reverse_iterator rbegin() const;
reverse_iterator rbegin() noexcept;
const_reverse_iterator rbegin() const noexcept;

Parameters

No parameter is required.

Return Value

A reverse iterator to the reverse beginning of the sequence container. If the sequence object is constant qualified, the function returns a const_reverse_iterator, else returns an reverse_iterator.

Time Complexity

Constant i.e, Θ(1).

Example:

In the below example, the list::rbegin function is used to return the reverse iterator pointing to the last element of the list MyList.

#include <iostream>
#include <list>
using namespace std;
 
int main (){
  list<string> MyList{"Alpha","Coding","Skills"};
  list<string>::reverse_iterator rit;

  rit = MyList.rbegin();
  cout<<*rit<<" ";
  rit++;
  cout<<*rit<<" ";
  rit++;
  cout<<*rit<<" ";
  return 0;
}

The output of the above code will be:

Skills Coding Alpha 

Example:

Lets see another example where the list called MyList contains integer values and list::rbegin function is used with list::rend function to specify a range including all elements of the list container.

#include <iostream>
#include <list>
using namespace std;
 
int main (){
  list<int> MyList{10, 20, 30, 40, 50};
  list<int>::reverse_iterator rit;

  for(rit = MyList.rbegin(); rit != MyList.rend(); ++rit)
    cout<<*rit<<" ";

  return 0;
}

The output of the above code will be:

50 40 30 20 10 

❮ C++ - List