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× C++ Standard Library C++ STL Library


The C++ map::begin function is used to return the iterator pointing to the first element of the map. Please note that, Map is an ordered data container which implies all its elements are ordered all the time.

C++ begin end

Syntax

iterator begin();
const_iterator begin() const;
iterator begin() noexcept;
const_iterator begin() const noexcept;

Parameters

No parameter is required.

Return Value

An iterator to the beginning of the sequence container. If the sequence object is constant qualified, the function returns a const_iterator, else returns an iterator.

Time Complexity

Constant i.e, Θ(1).

Example:

In the below example, the map::begin function is used to return the iterator pointing to the first element of the map called MyMap.

#include <iostream>
#include <map>
using namespace std;
 
int main (){
  map<int, string> MyMap;
  map<int, string>::iterator it;

  MyMap[101] = "John";
  MyMap[102] = "Marry";
  MyMap[103] = "Kim";
  MyMap[104] = "Jo";
  MyMap[105] = "Ramesh";

  it = MyMap.begin();
  cout<<it->first<<" "<<it->second<<"\n";
  it++;
  cout<<it->first<<" "<<it->second<<"\n";
  it++;
  cout<<it->first<<" "<<it->second<<"\n";
  return 0;
}

The output of the above code will be:

101 John
102 Marry
103 Kim

Example:

Lets see another example of map where map::begin function is with map::end function to specify a range including all elements of the map container.

#include <iostream>
#include <map>
using namespace std;
 
int main (){
  map<string, int> MyMap;
  map<string, int>::iterator it;

  MyMap["John"] = 2500;
  MyMap["Jack"] = 2600;
  MyMap["Ella"] = 2000;
  MyMap["Nora"] = 3000;
  MyMap["Adam"] = 3100;

  cout<<"MyMap contains: \n ";
  for(it = MyMap.begin(); it != MyMap.end(); ++it)
     cout<<it->first<<"  "<<it->second<<"\n ";

  return 0;
}

The output of the above code will be:

MyMap contains: 
 Adam  3100
 Ella  2000
 Jack  2600
 John  2500
 Nora  3000

❮ C++ - Map