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× C++ Standard Library C++ STL Library


The C++ set::swap function is used to exchange all elements of one set with all elements of another set. To apply this function, the data-type of both sets must be same, although the size may differ.

Syntax

void swap (set& other);
void swap (set& other);

Parameters

other Specify set, whose elements need to be exchanged with another set.

Return Value

None.

Time Complexity

Constant i.e, Θ(1)

Example:

In the below example, the set::swap function is used to exchange all elements of set MySet1 with all elements of set MySet2.

#include <iostream>
#include <set>
using namespace std;
 
int main (){
  set<int> MySet1{10, 20, 30, 40, 50};
  set<int> MySet2{5, 55, 555};

  set<int>::iterator it;

  cout<<"Before Swapping, The MySet1 contains:";
  for(it = MySet1.begin(); it != MySet1.end(); ++it)
    cout<<" "<<*it;
  cout<<"\nBefore Swapping, The MySet2 contains:";
  for(it = MySet2.begin(); it != MySet2.end(); ++it)
    cout<<" "<<*it;

  MySet1.swap(MySet2);

  cout<<"\n\nAfter Swapping, The MySet1 contains:";
  for(it = MySet1.begin(); it != MySet1.end(); ++it)
    cout<<" "<<*it;
  cout<<"\nAfter Swapping, The MySet2 contains:";
  for(it = MySet2.begin(); it != MySet2.end(); ++it)
    cout<<" "<<*it;
    
  return 0;
}

The output of the above code will be:

Before Swapping, The MySet1 contains: 10 20 30 40 50
Before Swapping, The MySet2 contains: 5 55 555

After Swapping, The MySet1 contains: 5 55 555
After Swapping, The MySet2 contains: 10 20 30 40 50

❮ C++ - Set