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× C++ Standard Library C++ STL Library

The C++ unordered_map::at function is used to return a reference to the mapped value of element identified with specified key. If the specified key does not match with key of any element of the unordered_map, the function throws an out_of_range exception.

Note: The unordered_map::at function produces the same result as operator[] function, except operator[] does not throw an out_of_range exception if the specified key does not match with key of any element of the unordered_map.


mapped_type& at (const key_type& k);
const mapped_type& at (const key_type& k) const;


k Specify key value of the element in the unordered_map whose mapped value is accessed.

Time Complexity

Average case: constant.
Worst case: Linear in container size.


In the below example, the unordered_map::at function is used to get the mapped value of the specified key in uMap.

#include <iostream>
#include <unordered_map>
using namespace std;
int main (){
  unordered_map<int, string> uMap;
  unordered_map<int, string>::iterator it;

  //populating uMap
  uMap[101] = "John";
  uMap[102] = "Marry";
  uMap[103] = "Kim";

  //changing the mapped value for key=103
  uMap.at(103) = "Ramesh";

  //accessing mapped value of specified key
  cout<<"uMap.at(101) = "<<uMap.at(101)<<"\n";
  cout<<"uMap.at(102) = "<<uMap.at(102)<<"\n";
  cout<<"uMap.at(103) = "<<uMap.at(103)<<"\n";

  return 0;

The output of the above code will be:

uMap.at(101) = John
uMap.at(102) = Marry
uMap.at(103) = Ramesh

❮ C++ - Unordered Map