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Scala - Bitwise XOR operator



The Bitwise XOR operator (^) is a binary operator which takes two bit patterns of equal length and performs the logical exclusive OR operation on each pair of corresponding bits. It returns 1 if only one of the bits is 1, else returns 0.

Bit_1Bit_2Bit_1 ^ Bit_2
000
101
011
110

The example below describes how bitwise XOR operator works:

50 ^ 25 returns 43

     50    ->    110010  (In Binary)
   ^ 25    ->  ^ 011001  (In Binary)
    ----        --------
     43    <-    101011  (In Binary)  

The code of using Bitwise XOR operator (^) is given below:

object MainObject {
  def main(args: Array[String]) {
    var x = 50
    var y = 25

    //Bitwise XOR operation
    var z = x ^ y

    //Displaying the result
    println("z = " + z)
  }
}

The output of the above code will be:

z = 43

Example: Swap two numbers without using temporary variable

The bitwise XOR operator can be used to swap the value of two variables. Consider the example below.

object MainObject {
  def main(args: Array[String]) {
    var x = 10
    var y = 25

    println("Before Swap:")
    println("x = " + x)
    println("y = " + y)

    //Swap technique
    x = x ^ y
    y = x ^ y
    x = x ^ y

    println("\nAfter Swap:")
    println("x = " + x)
    println("y = " + y)
  }
}

The above code will give the following output:

Before Swap:
x = 10
y = 25

After Swap:
x = 25
y = 10

❮ Scala - Operators

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