Scala - right shift operator

The Bitwise right shift operator (>>) takes the two numbers and right shift the bits of first operand by number of place specified by second operand. For example: for right shifting the bits of x by y places, the expression (x>>y) can be used. It is equivalent to dividing x by 2y.

The example below describes how right shift operator works:

1000 >> 2 returns 250

(In Binary)
1000         ->    1111101000
>> 2                     |  right shift the bits
-----                    V  by 2 places
250         <-      11111010
(In Binary)

The code of using right shift operator (>>) is given below:

object MainObject {
def main(args: Array[String]) {
var x = 1000

//right shift operation
var z = x >>2

//Displaying the result
println("z = " + z)
}
}

The output of the above code will be:

z = 250

Example: Find largest power of 2 less than or equal to given number

Consider an integer 1000. In the bit-wise format, it can be written as 1111101000. However, all bits are not written here. A complete representation will be 32 bit representation as given below:

00000000000000000000001111101000

Performing n = n | (n>>i) operation, where i = 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 will change all right side bit to 1. When applied on 1000, the result in 32 bit representation is given below:

00000000000000000000001111111111

Adding one to this result and then right shifting the result by one place will give largest power of 2 less than or equal to 1000.

00000000000000000000001000000000

The below code will calculate the largest power of 2 less than or equal to given number.

object MainObject {
def MaxPowerOfTwo(N: Int) : Int = {
var n = N
//changing all right side bits to 1.
n = n | (n>>1)
n = n | (n>>2)
n = n | (n>>4)
n = n | (n>>8)
n = n | (n>>16)

//adding 1 to n makes smallest power
//of 2 greater than given number
n = n + 1

//right shift by one position makes
//largest power of 2 less than or
//equal to given number
n = n >> 1

return n
}

def main(args: Array[String]) {
println(s"MaxPowerOfTwo(100) = \${MaxPowerOfTwo(100)}")
println(s"MaxPowerOfTwo(500) = \${MaxPowerOfTwo(500)}")
println(s"MaxPowerOfTwo(1000) = \${MaxPowerOfTwo(1000)}")
}
}

The above code will give the following output:

MaxPowerOfTwo(100) = 64
MaxPowerOfTwo(500) = 256
MaxPowerOfTwo(1000) = 512

❮ Scala - Operators

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