# Java - Circular Singly Linked List

A circular singly linked list is a linear data structure, in which the elements are stored in the form of a node. Each node contains two sub-elements. A data part that stores the value of the element and the next part that stores the link to the next node as shown in the below image:

The first node also known as HEAD is always used as a reference to traverse the list. The last node points to HEAD. A circular singly linked list can be visualized as a chain of nodes, where every node points to the next node. Along with this, next of the last node is linked to the head node.

## Implementation of Circular Singly Linked List

### Representation:

In Java, circular doubly linked list can be represented as a class and a Node as a separate class. The LinkedList class contains a reference of Node class type.

//node structure class Node { int data; Node next; }; class LinkedList { Node head; //constructor to create an empty LinkedList LinkedList(){ head = null; } };

### Create a Circular Singly Linked List

Let us create a simple circular singly linked list which contains three data nodes.

//node structure class Node { int data; Node next; }; class LinkedList { Node head; //constructor to create an empty LinkedList LinkedList(){ head = null; } }; // test the code public class Implementation { public static void main(String[] args) { //create an empty LinkedList LinkedList MyList = new LinkedList(); //Add first node. Node first = new Node(); first.data = 10; //linking with head node MyList.head = first; //linking next of the node with head first.next = MyList.head; //Add second node. Node second = new Node(); second.data = 20; //linking with first node first.next = second; //linking next of the node with head second.next = MyList.head; //Add third node. Node third = new Node(); third.data = 30; //linking with second node second.next = third; //linking next of the node with head third.next = MyList.head; } }

### Traverse a Circular Singly Linked List

A circular singly linked list can be traversed from any node of the list using a temp node. Keep on moving the temp node to the next one and displaying its content. Stop the traversal, after reaching the starting node.

//node structure class Node { int data; Node next; }; class LinkedList { Node head; //constructor to create an empty LinkedList LinkedList(){ head = null; } //display the content of the list void PrintList() { Node temp = new Node(); temp = this.head; if(temp != null) { System.out.print("The list contains: "); while(true) { System.out.print(temp.data + " "); temp = temp.next; if(temp == this.head) break; } System.out.println(); } else { System.out.println("The list is empty."); } } }; // test the code public class Implementation { public static void main(String[] args) { //create an empty LinkedList LinkedList MyList = new LinkedList(); //Add first node. Node first = new Node(); first.data = 10; //linking with head node MyList.head = first; //linking next of the node with head first.next = MyList.head; //Add second node. Node second = new Node(); second.data = 20; //linking with first node first.next = second; //linking next of the node with head second.next = MyList.head; //Add third node. Node third = new Node(); third.data = 30; //linking with second node second.next = third; //linking next of the node with head third.next = MyList.head; //print the content of list MyList.PrintList(); } }

The above code will give the following output:

The list contains: 10 20 30