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MySQL COLUMN Keyword



ALTER COLUMN

The MySQL ALTER COLUMN keyword is used to change the data type of a column in an existing table.



Syntax

The syntax for using ALTER COLUMN statement to modify datatype of a column in MySQL is given below:

ALTER TABLE table_name
MODIFY COLUMN column_name datatype;

Example:

Consider a database table called Employee with the following records:

EmpIDNameCityAge
1JohnLondon25
2MarryNew York24
3JoParis27
4KimAmsterdam30

In this table, the datatype of City column is VARCHAR(100). To change the datatype of the column to VARCHAR(255), the query is given below:

ALTER TABLE Employee
MODIFY COLUMN City VARCHAR(255);

This will change the datatype of City column from VARCHAR(100) to VARCHAR(255). For a complete reference of all the data types available in MySQL, see Data Types reference.



DROP COLUMN

The MySQL DROP COLUMN keyword is used to a delete columns from an existing table.



Syntax

The syntax for using DROP COLUMN keyword to drop columns in MySQL is given below:

ALTER TABLE table_name
DROP COLUMN column_name;

Example:

Consider a database table called Employee with the following records:

EmpIDNameCityAge
1JohnLondon25
2MarryNew York24
3JoParis27
4KimAmsterdam30

To drop the Salary column from the Employee table, the query mentioned below can be used:

ALTER TABLE Employee
DROP COLUMN Age;

This will produce the below mentioned result:

EmpIDNameCity
1JohnLondon
2MarryNew York
3JoParis
4KimAmsterdam

❮ MySQL Keywords

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