Rust - Bitwise OR and assignment operator

The Bitwise OR and assignment operator (|=) assigns the first operand a value equal to the result of Bitwise OR operation of two operands.

(x |= y) is equivalent to (x = x | y)

The Bitwise OR operator (|) is a binary operator which takes two bit patterns of equal length and performs the logical OR operation on each pair of corresponding bits. It returns 1 if either or both bits at the same position are 1, else returns 0.

Bit_1Bit_2Bit_1 | Bit_2
000
101
011
111

The example below describes how bitwise OR operator works:

50 | 25 returns 59

50    ->    110010  (In Binary)
| 25    ->  | 011001  (In Binary)
----        --------
59    <-    111011  (In Binary)

The code of using Bitwise OR operator (|) is given below:

fn main() {
let mut x = 50;
let y = 25;

//Bitwise OR and assignment operation
x |= y;

//Displaying the result
println!("x = {}", x);
}

The output of the above code will be:

x = 59

Example: Find largest power of 2 less than or equal to given number

Consider an integer 1000. In the bit-wise format, it can be written as 1111101000. However, all bits are not written here. A complete representation will be 32 bit representation as given below:

00000000000000000000001111101000

Performing n |= (n>>i) operation, where i = 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 will change all right side bit to 1. When applied on 1000, the result in 32 bit representation is given below:

00000000000000000000001111111111

Adding one to this result and then right shifting the result by one place will give largest power of 2 less than or equal to 1000.

00000000000000000000001000000000

The below code will calculate the largest power of 2 less than or equal to given number.

fn max_power_of_two(n: i32) -> i32{
let mut n = n;
//changing all right side bits to 1.
n |= (n>>1);
n |= (n>>2);
n |= (n>>4);
n |= (n>>8);
n |= (n>>16);

//adding 1 to n makes smallest power
//of 2 greater than given number
n = n + 1;

//right shift by one position makes
//largest power of 2 less than or
//equal to given number
n = n >> 1;

return n;
}

fn main() {
println!("max_power_of_two(100) = {}", max_power_of_two(100));
println!("max_power_of_two(500) = {}", max_power_of_two(500));
println!("max_power_of_two(1000) = {}", max_power_of_two(1000));
}

The above code will give the following output:

max_power_of_two(100) = 64
max_power_of_two(500) = 256
max_power_of_two(1000) = 512

❮ Rust - Operators

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