Rust Tutorial
Python Java C++ C C# PHP R SQL DS Algo InterviewQ

Rust - Bitwise OR operator



The Bitwise OR operator (|) is a binary operator which takes two bit patterns of equal length and performs the logical OR operation on each pair of corresponding bits. It returns 1 if either or both bits at the same position are 1, else returns 0.

Bit_1Bit_2Bit_1 | Bit_2
000
101
011
111

The example below describes how bitwise OR operator works:

50 & 25 returns 16

     50    ->    110010  (In Binary)
   | 25    ->  | 011001  (In Binary)
    ----        --------
     59    <-    111011  (In Binary)  

The code of using Bitwise OR operator (|) is given below:

fn main() {
  let x = 50;
  let y = 25;

  //Bitwise OR operation
  let z = x | y;

  //Displaying the result
  println!("z = {}", z);
}

The output of the above code will be:

z = 59

Example: Find largest power of 2 less than or equal to given number

Consider an integer 1000. In the bit-wise format, it can be written as 1111101000. However, all bits are not written here. A complete representation will be 32 bit representation as given below:

00000000000000000000001111101000  

Performing n = n | (n>>i) operation, where i = 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 will change all right side bit to 1. When applied on 1000, the result in 32 bit representation is given below:

00000000000000000000001111111111 

Adding one to this result and then right shifting the result by one place will give largest power of 2 less than or equal to 1000.

00000000000000000000001000000000 

The below code will calculate the largest power of 2 less than or equal to given number.

fn max_power_of_two(n: i32){
  //changing all right side bits to 1.
  n = n | (n>>1);
  n = n | (n>>2);
  n = n | (n>>4);
  n = n | (n>>8);
  n = n | (n>>16);
  
  //adding 1 to n makes smallest power
  //of 2 greater than given number
  n = n + 1;

  //right shift by one position makes
  //largest power of 2 less than or 
  //equal to given number
  n = n >> 1;
  
  return n;
}

fn main() {
  println!("max_power_of_two(100) = {}", max_power_of_two(100));
  println!("max_power_of_two(500) = {}", max_power_of_two(500));
  println!("max_power_of_two(1000) = {}", max_power_of_two(1000));   
}

The above code will give the following output:

max_power_of_two(100) = 64
max_power_of_two(500) = 256
max_power_of_two(1000) = 512

❮ Rust - Operators

5