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× C Data Structures - Linked List Other Related Topics


Deleting odd nodes of a linked list requires traverse through the list and deleting odd nodes one by one. If the list is not null then release the head and make next of head as new head. If the new head is not null then create two nodes - evenNode and oddNode. Make evenNode to the first even node of list and oddNode to second odd node of the list (3rd node in the original list). If both are not null, delete the oddNode and adjust links. Move both nodes to next set of even-odd nodes. Repeat the process till the any or both nodes become null.

The function deleteOddNodes is created for this purpose. It is a 5-step process.

void deleteOddNodes(struct Node** head_ref) {
  if(*head_ref != NULL) {
    
    //1. if head is not null, make next of head as
    //   new head and delete previous head
    struct Node* temp = *head_ref;
    *head_ref = (*head_ref)->next;
    free(temp);
    if(*head_ref != NULL) {
      
      //2. if the new head is not null create 
      //   nodes - evenNode and oddNode
      struct Node* evenNode = *head_ref;
      struct Node* oddNode = (*head_ref)->next;

      while(evenNode != NULL && oddNode != NULL) {
        
        //3. while evenNode and oddNode are not null
        //   make next of evenNode as next of oddNode 
        //   and free oddNode   
        evenNode->next = oddNode->next;
        free(oddNode);

        //4. and make evenNode as next of evenNode
        evenNode = evenNode->next;
        
        //5. Update evenNode and oddNode
        if(evenNode != NULL)
          oddNode = evenNode->next;
      }
    }
  }   
}     

The below is a complete program that uses above discussed concept of deleting odd nodes of a linked list.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

//node structure
struct Node {
  int data;
  struct Node* next;
};

//Add new element at the end of the list
void push_back(struct Node** head_ref, int newElement) {  
  struct Node *newNode, *temp;
  newNode = (struct Node*)malloc(sizeof(struct Node)); 
  newNode->data = newElement;  
  newNode->next = NULL;
  if(*head_ref == NULL) {
    *head_ref = newNode; 
  } else {
    temp = *head_ref;
    while(temp->next != NULL) {
      temp = temp->next;
    }    
    temp->next = newNode;
  }
}

//delete odd nodes of the list
void deleteOddNodes(struct Node** head_ref) {
  if(*head_ref != NULL) {
    struct Node* temp = *head_ref;
    *head_ref = (*head_ref)->next;
    free(temp);
    if(*head_ref != NULL) {
      struct Node* evenNode = *head_ref;
      struct Node* oddNode = (*head_ref)->next;
      while(evenNode != NULL && oddNode != NULL) {  
        evenNode->next = oddNode->next;
        free(oddNode);
        evenNode = evenNode->next;
        if(evenNode != NULL)
          oddNode = evenNode->next;
      }
    }
  }   
}    

//display the content of the list
void PrintList(struct Node* head_ref) {
  struct Node* temp = head_ref;
  if(head_ref != NULL) {
    printf("\nThe list contains: ");
    while (temp->next != NULL) {
      printf("%i ",temp->data);
      temp = temp->next;    
    }
    printf("%i ",temp->data);
  } else {
    printf("\nThe list is empty.");
  }   
}

// test the code 
int main() {
  struct Node* MyList = NULL;

  //Add five elements in the list.
  push_back(&MyList, 10);
  push_back(&MyList, 20);
  push_back(&MyList, 30);
  push_back(&MyList, 40);
  push_back(&MyList, 50);

  //Display the content of the list.
  PrintList(MyList);

  //delete odd nodes of the list
  deleteOddNodes(&MyList);

  printf("\nAfter deleting odd nodes.");
  //Display the content of the list.
  PrintList(MyList);

  return 0; 
}

The above code will give the following output:

The list contains: 10 20 30 40 50 
After deleting odd nodes.
The list contains: 20 40