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Swift - atan2() Function



The Swift atan2() function returns the angle theta from the conversion of rectangular coordinates (x, y) to polar coordinates (r, theta). The return value will be in the range -𝜋 through 𝜋.

Syntax

In Foundation framework, it is defined as follows:

public func atan2(_ __y: Double, _ __x: Double) -> Double

Parameters

y Specify the ordinate coordinate.
x Specify the abscissa coordinate.

Return Value

Returns theta of the point (r, theta) in polar coordinates that corresponds to the point (x, y) in Cartesian coordinates.

Example:

In the example below, atan2() function is used to calculate the theta of a point.

import Foundation

print("atan2(1.0, 1.0) = \(atan2(1.0, 1.0))")
print("atan2(1.0, 2.0) = \(atan2(1.0, 2.0))")
print("atan2(2.0, 1.0) = \(atan2(2.0, 1.0))")
print("atan2(-1.0, 2.0) = \(atan2(-1.0, 2.0))")
print("atan2(-1.0, -2.0) = \(atan2(-1.0, -2.0))")

The output of the above code will be:

atan2(1.0, 1.0) = 0.7853981633974483
atan2(1.0, 2.0) = 0.4636476090008061
atan2(2.0, 1.0) = 1.1071487177940904
atan2(-1.0, 2.0) = -0.4636476090008061
atan2(-1.0, -2.0) = -2.677945044588987

❮ Swift Math Functions

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