Swift - Bitwise XOR operator

The Bitwise XOR operator (^) is a binary operator which takes two bit patterns of equal length and performs the logical exclusive OR operation on each pair of corresponding bits. It returns 1 if only one of the bits is 1, else returns 0.

Bit_1Bit_2Bit_1 ^ Bit_2
000
101
011
110

The example below describes how bitwise XOR operator works:

```50 ^ 25 returns 43

50    ->    110010  (In Binary)
^ 25    ->  ^ 011001  (In Binary)
----        --------
43    <-    101011  (In Binary)
```

The code of using Bitwise XOR operator (^) is given below:

```var x = 50
var y = 25

//Bitwise XOR operation
var z = x ^ y

//Displaying the result
print("z = \(z)")
```

The output of the above code will be:

```z = 43
```

Example: Swap two numbers without using temporary variable

The bitwise XOR operator can be used to swap the value of two variables. Consider the example below.

```func swap(_ x: inout Int, _ y: inout Int) {
print("Before Swap:")
print("x = \(x)")
print("y = \(y)")

//Swap technique
x = x ^ y
y = x ^ y
x = x ^ y

print("\nAfter Swap:")
print("x = \(x)")
print("y = \(y)")
}

var a = 10
var b = 25
swap(&a, &b)
```

The above code will give the following output:

```Before Swap:
x = 10
y = 25

After Swap:
x = 25
y = 10
```

❮ Swift - Operators

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