Java Program - Find Factorial of a Number


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The factorial of a positive integer is the multiplication of all positive integer less than or equal to that number.

$$factorial$$ $$of$$ $$number$$ $$n$$ = $$n! = n(n-1)(n-2)...1$$

For Example:

$$5! = 5\times4\times3\times2\times1 = 120$$

$$4! = 4\times3\times2\times1 = 24$$

Example: Using Recursive method

In the below example, a recursive method called factorial() is used to calculate factorial of a number.

public class MyClass {
  static int factorial(int x) {
    if (x == 0 || x == 1)
      {return 1;}
    else 
      {return x*factorial(x-1);}    
  }

  public static void main(String[] args) {
    System.out.println("10! =  " + factorial(10));
    System.out.println("6! =  " + factorial(6));
  }
}

Output

10! =  3628800
6! =  720

Example: Using Iterative method

The factorial of a number can also be calculated using iterative method.

public class MyClass {
  static int factorial(int x) {
    int finalnum = 1;
    for(int i = x; i > 0; i--)
    {
      finalnum = finalnum * i;
    }
    return finalnum;  
  }

  public static void main(String[] args) {
    System.out.println("10! =  " + factorial(10));
    System.out.println("6! =  " + factorial(6));
  }
}

Output

10! =  3628800
6! =  720

Example: Using Ternary Operator

In the below example, the factorial of a number is calculated using ternary operator.

public class MyClass {
  static int factorial(int x) {
    int y = (x == 0 || x == 1)? 1 : x*factorial(x-1);
    return y;  
  }

  public static void main(String[] args) {
    System.out.println("10! =  " + factorial(10));
    System.out.println("6! =  " + factorial(6));
  }
}

Output

10! =  3628800
6! =  720



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