## If Statement:

The If statement is used to execute a block of code when the condition is evaluated to be true. When the condition is evaluated to be false, the program will skip the if-code block.

### Syntax

```if(condition){
statements;
}
```

### Flow Diagram: In the below example, the if code block is created which executes only when the variable called i is divisible by 3.

```#include <stdio.h>

int main (){
int i = 15;
if ( i % 3 == 0) {
printf("%i is divisible by 3.", i);
}

return 0;
}
```

The output of the above code will be:

```15 is divisible by 3.
```

## If-else Statement:

The else statement is always used with If statement. It is used to execute block of codes whenever If condition gives false result.

### Syntax

```if(condition) {
statements;
}
else {
statements;
}
```

### Flow Diagram: In the below example, else statement is used to print a message if the variable i is not divisible by 3.

```#include <stdio.h>

int main () {
int i = 16;
if ( i % 3 == 0) {
printf("%i is divisible by 3.\n", i);
}
else {
printf("%i is not divisible by 3.\n", i);
}
return 0;
}
```

The output of the above code will be:

```16 is not divisible by 3.
```

## else if Statement:

For adding more conditions, else if statement in used. The program first checks if condition. When found false, then it checks else if conditions. If found false, then else code block is executed.

### Syntax

```if(condition) {
statements;
} else if(condition) {
statements;
}
...
...
...
else {
statements;
}
```

### Flow Diagram: In the below example, else statement is used to print a message when all if and else if conditions result false.

```#include <stdio.h>

int main (){
int i = 16;
if ( i > 25) {
printf("%i is greater than 25.\n", i);
}
else if(i <=25 && i >=10) {
printf("%i lies between 10 and 25.\n", i);
}
else{
printf("%i is less than 10.\n", i);
}
return 0;
}
```

The output of the above code will be:

```16 lies between 10 and 25.
```

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