**C - Operators**

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Operators are used to perform operation on two operands. Operators in C can be categorized as follows:

- Arithmetic operators
- Assignment operators
- Comparison operators
- Logical operators
- Bitwise operators

## Arithmetic operators:

Arithmetic operators are used to perform arithmetic operations on two operands.

Operator | Description |

+ | Addition |

- | Substraction |

* | Multiplication |

/ | Division |

% | Modulus | a%b returns remainder of a/b (ex: 10 % 3 returns 1) |

++ | Increment | increases value of an operand by 1 (ex: a++; is equivalent to a = a + 1;) |

-- | Decrement | decreases value of an operand by 1 (ex: a--; is equivalent to a = a - 1;) |

## Assignment operators:

Assignment operators are used to assign values of right hand side expression to left hand side operand.

Operator | Expression | Equivalent to |

= | a = 5 | a = 5 |

+= | a += b | a = a + b |

-= | a -= b | a = a - b |

*= | a *= b | a = a * b |

/= | a /= b | a = a / b |

%= | a %= b | a = a % b |

&= | a &= b | a = a & b |

|= | a |= b | a = a | b |

^= | a ^= b | a = a ^ b |

>>= | a >>= b | a = a >> b |

<<= | a <<= b | a = a << b |

## Comparison operators:

Comparison operators are used to compare values of two operands. It returns true when values matches and false when values doen not match.

Operator | Description |

== | Equal |

!= | Not equal |

> | Greater than |

< | Less than |

>= | Greater than or equal to |

<= | Less than or equal to |

## Logical operators:

Logical operators are used to combine two or more conditions.

Operator | Description |

&& | AND | Returns True when all conditions are true |

|| | OR | Returns True when any of the conditions is true |

! | Returns opposite result | **!(2<5)** returns false |

## Bitwise operators:

Bitwise operators are used to perform bitwise operations on two operands.

Operator | Description |

& | AND | Returns 1 if both bits at the same in both operands are 1, else returns 0 |

| | OR | Returns 1 if one of two bits at the same in both operands is 1, else returns 0 |

^ | XOR | Returns 1 if only one of two bits at the same in both operands is 1, else returns 0 |

~ | NOT | Reverse all the bits |

>> | Right shift | The left operand is moved right by the number of bits present in the right operand |

<< | Left shift | The left operand value is moved left by the number of bits present in the right operand |

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