# C - Bitwise XOR and assignment operator

The Bitwise XOR and assignment operator (^=) assigns the first operand a value equal to the result of Bitwise XOR operation of two operands.

(x ^= y) is equivalent to (x = x ^ y)

The Bitwise XOR operator (^) is a binary operator which takes two bit patterns of equal length and performs the logical exclusive OR operation on each pair of corresponding bits. It returns 1 if only one of the bits is 1, else returns 0.

Bit_1Bit_2Bit_1 ^ Bit_2
000
101
011
110

The example below describes how bitwise XOR operator works:

```50 ^ 25 returns 43

50    ->    110010  (In Binary)
^ 25    ->  ^ 011001  (In Binary)
----        --------
43    <-    101011  (In Binary)
```

The code of using Bitwise XOR and assignment operator (^=) is given below:

```#include <stdio.h>

int main (){
int x = 50;
int y = 25;

//Bitwise XOR and assignment operation
x ^= y;

//Displaying the result
printf("x = %d", x);
return 0;
}
```

The output of the above code will be:

```x = 43
```

### Example: Swap two numbers without using temporary variable

The bitwise XOR and assignment operator can be used to swap the value of two variables. Consider the example below.

```#include <stdio.h>

static void swap(int x, int y) {
printf("Before Swap.\n");
printf("x = %d\n", x);
printf("y = %d\n", y);

//Swap technique
x ^= y;
y ^= x;
x ^= y;

printf("After Swap.\n");
printf("x = %d\n", x);
printf("y = %d\n", y);
}

int main() {
swap(10, 25);
return 0;
}
```

The above code will give the following output:

```Before Swap.
x = 10
y = 25
After Swap.
x = 25
y = 10
```

❮ C - Operators

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