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C++ - logical operators



Logical operators are used to combine two or more conditions. C++ has following logical operators:

  • && - logical AND operator
  • || - logical OR operator
  • ! - logical NOT operator

Logical AND operator (&&)

The logical AND operator is used to combine two or more conditions and returns true only when all conditions are true, otherwise returns false. Consider the example below to understand this concept:

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
 
void range_func(int x){
  //&& operator is used to combine conditions
  //returns true only when x >= 10 and x <= 25
  if(x >= 10 && x <= 25)
    cout<<x<<" belongs to range [10, 25].\n"; 
  else
    cout<<x<<" do not belongs to range [10, 25].\n";
}

int main (){
  range_func(15);
  range_func(25);
  range_func(50);
  return 0;
}

The output of the above code will be:

15 belongs to range [10, 25].
25 belongs to range [10, 25].
50 do not belongs to range [10, 25].

Logical OR operator (||)

The logical OR operator is used to combine two or more conditions and returns true when any of the conditions is true, otherwise returns false. Consider the following example:

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
 
void range_func(int x){
  //|| operator is used to combine conditions
  //returns true when either x < 100 or x > 200
  if(x < 100 || x > 200)
    cout<<x<<" do not belongs to range [100, 200].\n";   
  else
    cout<<x<<" belongs to range [100, 200].\n"; 
}

int main (){
  range_func(50);
  range_func(100);
  range_func(150);
  return 0;
}

The output of the above code will be:

50 do not belongs to range [100, 200].
100 belongs to range [100, 200].
150 belongs to range [100, 200].

Logical NOT operator (!)

The logical NOT operator is used to return opposite boolean result. Consider the example below:

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
 
void range_func(int x){
  //! operator is used to return
  //true when x <= 100
  if(!(x >= 100))
    cout<<x<<" is less than 100.\n";   
  else
    cout<<x<<" is greater than or equal to 100.\n"; 
}

int main (){
  range_func(50);
  range_func(100);
  range_func(150);
  return 0;
}

The output of the above code will be:

50 is less than 100.
100 is greater than or equal to 100.
150 is greater than or equal to 100.

❮ C++ - Operators

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