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C# Program - Power of a Number



If power (or exponential) of number indicates how many the number is multiplied by itself to get the final number. For example:

x raised to the power 2 = x² = x*x

x raised to the power 3 = x³ = x*x*x

Method 1: Using conditional statement

In the example below, a method called Power() is created to calculate power of a number. It uses while loop to achieve this. This method can be used to calculate the power of a number where power should be a non-negative integer.

using System;

class MyProgram {
  static void Power(double x, int n) {
    double finalnum = 1;
    int n1 = n;
    
    while(n1 > 0){
      finalnum = finalnum * x;
      n1--;
    }
    Console.WriteLine(x + " raised to the power " + n + " = " + finalnum);
  }  

  static void Main(string[] args) {
    Power(3, 5);
    Power(5, 0);
    Power(6, 2);
  }
}

The above code will give the following output:

3.0 raised to the power 5 = 243.0
5.0 raised to the power 0 = 1.0
6.0 raised to the power 2 = 36.0

Method 2: Using pow() method of C# Math class

The pow() method of C# Math class can also be used to calculate power of a number. It can be used to calculate xn for any value of n (n can be negative or fraction).

using System;

class MyProgram {
  static void Main(string[] args) {
    double x = 3, y = 5, z = 6;
    double a = 5, b = 0, c = 2;

    Console.WriteLine(x + " raised to the power " + a + " = " + Math.Pow(x, a));
    Console.WriteLine(y + " raised to the power " + b + " = " + Math.Pow(y, b));
    Console.WriteLine(z + " raised to the power " + c + " = " + Math.Pow(z, c));
  }
}

The above code will give the following output:

3.0 raised to the power 5.0 = 243.0
5.0 raised to the power 0.0 = 1.0
6.0 raised to the power 2.0 = 36.0




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