Java Program - Power of a Number

If power (or exponential) of number indicates how many the number is multiplied by itself to get the final number. For example:

x raised to the power 2 = x² = x*x

x raised to the power 3 = x³ = x*x*x

Method 1: Using conditional statement

In the example below, a method called Power() is created to calculate power of a number. It uses while loop to achieve this. This method can be used to calculate the power of a number where power should be a non-negative integer.

public class MyClass {
static void Power(double x, int n) {
double finalnum = 1;
int n1 = n;
while(n1 > 0){
finalnum = finalnum * x;
n1--;
}
System.out.println(x + " raised to the power " + n + " = " + finalnum);
}

public static void main(String[] args) {
Power(3, 5);
Power(5, 0);
Power(6, 2);
}
}

The above code will give the following output:

3.0 raised to the power 5 = 243.0
5.0 raised to the power 0 = 1.0
6.0 raised to the power 2 = 36.0

Method 2: Using pow() method of Java Math Class

The pow() method of Java Math class can also be used to calculate power of a number. It can be used to calculate xn for any value of n (n can be negative or fraction).

import java.lang.Math;

public class MyClass {
public static void main(String[] args) {
double x = 3, y = 5, z = 6;
double a = 5, b = 0, c = 2;

System.out.println(x + " raised to the power " + a + " = " + Math.pow(x, a));
System.out.println(y + " raised to the power " + b + " = " + Math.pow(y, b));
System.out.println(z + " raised to the power " + c + " = " + Math.pow(z, c));
}
}

The above code will give the following output:

3.0 raised to the power 5.0 = 243.0
5.0 raised to the power 0.0 = 1.0
6.0 raised to the power 2.0 = 36.0

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