# Python - Swap two numbers

There are two common ways to swap the value of two variables:

• Swap the value of two variables using a temporary variable
• Swap the value of two variables without using temporary variable

### Example: Swap the value of two variables using a temporary variable

In the below example, the initial value of variables x and y are 10 and 25. A temporary variable called temp is created to store the value of x and then the value of y is assigned to x. Finally, value of temp (which stores values of x) is assigned to variable y. The final value of variables x and y after swap are 25 and 10 respectively.

def swap(x, y):
print("Before Swap.")
print("x =",x)
print("y =",y)

#Swap technique
temp = x
x = y
y = temp

print("After Swap.")
print("x =",x)
print("y =",y)

swap(10, 25)


Output

Before Swap.
x = 10
y = 25
After Swap.
x = 25
y = 10


### Example: Swap the value of two variables without using temporary variable

+ operator is used to swap the value of two variables. In this method no temporary variable is used. Please see the example below for syntax.

def swap(x, y):
print("Before Swap.")
print("x =",x)
print("y =",y)

#Swap technique
x = x + y
y = x - y
x = x - y

print("After Swap.")
print("x =",x)
print("y =",y)

swap(10, 25)


Output

Before Swap.
x = 10
y = 25
After Swap.
x = 25
y = 10


Similarly, others operators can also be used in this method. Please see the page: Python - Swap two numbers without using Temporary Variable.

### Example: Swap the value of two variables using = operator

In python, the value of two variables can be swapped using assignment operator also. Please see the example below for syntax.

x = 10
y = 25

print("Before Swap.")
print("x =",x)
print("y =",y)

#Swap technique
x , y = y, x

print("After Swap.")
print("x =",x)
print("y =",y)


Output

Before Swap.
x = 10
y = 25
After Swap.
x = 25
y = 10