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The Python has a number of methods and functions that is used for file handling. These methods and functions are listed below in alphabetical order. For more details about any one of these, please visit its page.

File Handling Methods
close() Closes the file
detach() Returns the separated raw stream from the buffer
fileno() Returns the file descriptor of the file stream as a number.
flush() Flushes the internal buffer
isatty() Returns whether the file stream is interactive or not
read() Returns the file content
readable() Returns whether the file stream can be read or not
readline() Returns one line from the file
readlines() Returns a list of lines from the file
seek() Change the file position
seekable() Returns whether the file allows us to change the file position
tell() Returns the current file position
truncate() Resizes the file to a specified size
writable() Returns whether the file can be written to or not
write() Writes the specified string to the file
writelines() Writes a list of strings to the file