# R - tanh() Function

The R tanh() function returns hyperbolic tangent of a value. The hyperbolic tangent of x is defined as: where e is an Euler's number.

In special cases it returns the following:

• If the argument is NaN, then the result is NaN.
• If the argument is zero, then the result is a zero.
• If the argument is positive infinity, then the result is +1.0.
• If the argument is negative infinity, then the result is -1.0.

### Syntax

```tanh(x)
```

### Parameters

 `x` `Required. `Specify column to compute on.

### Return Value

Returns the hyperbolic tangent of the value.

### Example:

In the example below, tanh() function is used to find out the hyperbolic tangent of the value.

```#operating on single element atomic vector
print(tanh(-5))
print(tanh(0))
print(tanh(5))

cat("\nOperating on vector\n")
#operating on vector
v <- c(0, 3, 5)
print(tanh(v))

cat("\nOperating on matrix\n")
#operating on matrix
m <- matrix(c(-5, -2, 0, 2, 5, NaN), nrow=2)
print(tanh(m))

cat("\nOperating on first column of matrix\n")
#operating on first column of matrix
print(tanh(m[,1]))
```

The output of the above code will be:

``` -0.9999092
 0
 0.9999092

Operating on vector
 0.0000000 0.9950548 0.9999092

Operating on matrix
[,1]      [,2]      [,3]
[1,] -0.9999092 0.0000000 0.9999092
[2,] -0.9640276 0.9640276       NaN

Operating on first column of matrix
 -0.9999092 -0.9640276
```

❮ R Math Functions

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