# R - Break Statement

## R Break statement

The break statement in R is used to terminate the program out of the loop containing it whenever the condition is met.

If the break statement is used in a nested loop (loop inside loop), it will terminate innermost loop after fulfilling the break criteria.

## Break statement with While loop

In the example below, break statement is used to get out of the while loop if the value of variable j becomes 4.

```j <- 0
while (j < 6){
j <- j + 1

#terminating the loop when j == 4
if(j == 4) {
print("Getting out of the loop.")
break
}
print(j)
}
```

The output of the above code will be:

```[1] 1
[1] 2
[1] 3
[1] "Getting out of the loop."
```

## Break statement with For loop

Here, the break statement is used to get out of the for loop if the value of variable x becomes "yellow".

```color <- c("red", "blue", "green", "yellow", "black", "white")
for(x in color) {
#terminating the loop when x == "yellow"
if(x == "yellow") {
print("Getting out of the loop.")
break
}
print(x)
}
```

The output of the above code will be:

```[1] "red"
[1] "blue"
[1] "green"
[1] "Getting out of the loop."
```

## Break statement with Nested loop

In the example below, break statement terminates the inner loop whenever multiplier becomes 100.

```# nested loop without break statement
digits <- c(1, 2, 3)
multipliers <- c(10, 100, 1000)
print("# nested loop without break statement")
for (digit in digits)
for (multiplier in multipliers)
print (digit * multiplier)
```

The output of the above code will be:

```[1] "# nested loop without break statement"
[1] 10
[1] 100
[1] 1000
[1] 20
[1] 200
[1] 2000
[1] 30
[1] 300
[1] 3000
```

```# nested loop with break statement
digits <- c(1, 2, 3)
multipliers <- c(10, 100, 1000)
print("# nested loop with break statement")
for (digit in digits) {
for (multiplier in multipliers) {
if (multiplier == 100)
break
print (digit * multiplier)
}
}
```

The output of the above code will be:

```[1] "# nested loop with break statement"
[1] 10
[1] 20
[1] 30
```

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