Matplotlib Tutorial
Python Java C++ C C# PHP R SQL DS Algo InterviewQ

Matplotlib - Grids



There are instances when we need grid lines in a plot. In Matplotlib, the Axes.grid() function can be used to configure grid lines for a given plot.

Syntax

#configure grid lines
Axes.grid(self, b=None, which='major', 
          axis='both', **kwargs)

Parameters

b Optional. Specify boolean to show the grid lines. If any parameter is supplied, b will be set to True.
which Optional. Specify the grid lines to apply the changes on. It can value from {'major', 'minor', 'both'}.
axis Optional. Specify the axis to apply the changes on. It can value from {'both', 'x', 'y'}.
**kwargs Optional. Define the line properties of the grid.

Example:

In the example below, only y-axis grid is enabled.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
import math

#creating a array of values between
#0 to 10 with a difference of 0.1
x = np.arange(0, 10, 0.1)
y = np.sin(x)

fig, ax = plt.subplots()

#plotting curves
ax.plot(x, y) 

#formatting axes
ax.set_title("Sine Wave") 
ax.set_xlabel("x")
ax.set_ylabel("y = sin(x)")

#show y-axis grid lines
ax.grid(axis='y')

#displaying the figure
plt.show()

The output of the above code will be:

Grids

Example:

In the example below, first user-defined ticks and tick labels are used. Then the grid lines are shown according to the defined major ticks.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
import math

#creating a array of values between
#0 to 10 with a difference of 0.1
x = np.arange(0, 10, 0.1)
y = np.sin(x)

fig, ax = plt.subplots()

#plotting curves
ax.plot(x, y) 

#formatting axes
ax.set_title("Sine Wave") 
ax.set_xlabel("x")
ax.set_ylabel("y = sin(x)")

#setting ticks and tick labels
pi = math.pi
ax.set_xticks([0, pi, 2*pi, 3*pi])
ax.set_xticklabels(['0', 'π', '2π', '3π'])
ax.set_yticks([-1, -0.5, 0, 0.5, 1])

#show both grid lines
ax.grid(axis='both')

#displaying the figure
plt.show()

The output of the above code will be:

Grids

Example: Setting the Line Properties of the Grid

We can set the line property of the grid. Consider the example below:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
import math

#creating a array of values between
#0 to 10 with a difference of 0.1
x = np.arange(0, 10, 0.1)
y = np.sin(x)

fig, ax = plt.subplots()

#plotting curves
ax.plot(x, y) 

#formatting axes
ax.set_title("Sine Wave") 
ax.set_xlabel("x")
ax.set_ylabel("y = sin(x)")

#setting ticks and tick labels
pi = math.pi
ax.set_xticks([0, pi, 2*pi, 3*pi])
ax.set_xticklabels(['0', 'π', '2π', '3π'])
ax.set_yticks([-1, -0.5, 0, 0.5, 1])

#show both grid lines
ax.grid(axis='both')

#setting the line property of the grid
ax.grid(color='r', ls = '-.', lw = 0.25)

#displaying the figure
plt.show()

The output of the above code will be:

Grids

5